Category Archives: Stories

Landmark U.S. Supreme Court Rulings on Scribd

Today, mere blocks away from Scribd headquarters, the celebration was already beginning in the shadows of the beautifully gilded San Francisco City Hall.

This morning, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down two landmark rulings with major implications in the fight for equality among same-sex couples.

Just in time for the city’s 43rd annual Pride Celebration and parade this weekend, where the party has already received an early start.

The party began shortly after today's landmark Supreme Court rulings and soon, revelers were taking to the streets in San Francisco's Castro neighborhood. [Photo Credit: Lacy Atkins, The Chronicle]

The party began shortly after today’s landmark Supreme Court rulings and soon, revelers were taking to the streets in San Francisco’s Castro neighborhood. [Photo Credit: Lacy Atkins, The Chronicle]

As we fired up our Scribd account this morning, our reading feed was populated with users and publishers who uploaded decisions, opinions and rulings related to both of these cases from the likes of KQED, The Dallas Morning NewsWashington Post, and the Statesman Journal.

It’s clear to see that a wide variety of journalists and news organizations rely on Scribd to share their source material and often choose us as a platform to publish and widely-distribute source material that helps aid in their published work.

Below, you will find two of the major rulings regarding both of today’s decisions handed down in Washington D.C.

By 5-4 vote, the U.S. Supreme Court overturns Proposition 8. Read the court’s decision from Hollingsworth v. Perry. In the decision, the court remanded the case back to the Ninth Circuit Court with instructions to dismiss the appeal.

Read the complete decision:

Also, by 5-4 vote, U.S. Supreme Court struck down DOMA allowing same-sex couples  federal benefits. The high court’s ruling in U.S. v. Windsor, the so-called “DOMA” case, found it unconstitutional on the basis of discrimination.

Read the ruling of U.S. v. Windsor:

Honoring & Remembering the D-Day Anniversary

It’s one of the most penultimate moments in American military history.

Never in history had two major military factions – the American and British, combined for such a massive mission. It was the largest full-scale amphibious assault in history comprised of aerial, nautical and land support. And thanks to some lucky breaks and bad weather, the invasion was a success at allowing troops to pour into France and deep into enemy territory.

Sixty-nine years ago today, 160,000 troops landed ashore on a 50-mile stretch of heavily fortified coastline of Normandy, France. Supported by more than 13,000 aircraft, paratroopers and 5,000 ships, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower famously delivered this inspiring message to American forces prior to their historic beach-landing:

“But this is the year 1944! Much has happened since the Nazi triumphs of 1940-41. The United Nations have inflicted upon the Germans great defeats, in open battle, man to man. Our air offensive has seriously reduced their strength in the air and their capacity to wage war on the ground. Our home fronts have given us an overwhelming superiority in weapons and munitions of war, and placed at our disposal great reserves of trained fighting men. The tide has turned! The free men of the world are marching together to victory!”

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The harrowing, heroic and unimaginable scenes that transpired that day tilted the tide of the Allied forces in the European Theatre.

They’ve been immortalized in photographs and on celluloid for Hollywood and in countless documentaries and historical recreations.

We’ve curated an immense collection of the best books and documents that tell the many stories of the courageous soldiers who landed on the beaches and infiltrated France and Europe in the goals of eradicating Hitler’s tyranny. Here are some of our favorites:

Tom Brokaw’s The Greatest Generation
Tom Brokaw first began to appreciate fully all we owed the World War II generation while he was covering the fortieth and fiftieth anniversaries of D-Day for NBC News. “When I wrote in The Greatest Generation about the men and women who came out of the Depression, who won great victories and made lasting sacrifices in World War II and then returned home to begin building the world we have today–the people I called the Greatest Generation –it was my way of saying thank you. I felt that this tribute was long overdue, but I was not prepared for the avalanche of letters and responses touched off by that book. Members of that generation were, characteristically, grateful for the attention and modest about their own lives as they shared more remarkable stories about their experiences in the Depression and during the war years. Their children and grandchildren were eager to share the lessons and insights they gained from the stories they heard about the lives of a generation now passing on too swiftly. They wanted to say thank you in their own way. I had wanted to write a book about America, and now America was writing back.”

D-Day With the Screaming Eagles
Gerald J. Higgins, major general, U.S. Army (ret.), from the ForewordIn the predawn darkness of D-Day, an elite fighting force struck the first blows against Hitler’s Fortress Europe. Braving a hail of enemy gunfire and mortars, bold invaders from the sky descended into the hedgerow country and swarmed the meadows of Normandy. Some would live, some would die, but all would fight with the guts and determination that made them the most famous U.S. Army division in World War II: the 101st Airborne “Screaming Eagles.”George Koskimaki was part of the 101st Airborne’s daring parachute landing into occupied France that day. Now, drawing on more than five hundred firsthand accounts–including the never-before-published experiences of the trailblazing pathfinders and glider men–Koskimaki re-creates those critical hours in all their ferocity and terror. Told by those who ultimately prevailed–ordinary Americans who faced an extraordinary challenge–D-Day with the Screaming Eagles is the real history of that climactic struggle beyond the beachhead.

Flying Colt
The Diary and History 456TH BOMBARDMENT GROUP (HEAVY)15TH AIR Force ROBERT S. CAPPS, Colonel, USAF, RetiredThe famous “Battle of Britain” prevented the German invasion of England in 1940, because the Royal Air Force dominated skies over Britain. Nazi Germany was attempting to prevent the invasion of Europe (D-Day) by dominating skies over Europe, as the 456th Bomb Group arrived in Italy during January 1944. This was less than five months before the planned Allied invasion of Europe, ordered for early June, 1944. Germany dominated the skies!This book gives a detailed history how the 456th Bomb Group of B-24 Liberators helped gain air superiority in Europe, making D-Day possible, on time. During this great four month battle, the 456th Bombardment Group lost almost one-third of its aircraft.Written by Dr. Robert Capps a Group pilot during this period.

Double Cross: The True Story of the D-Day Spies
In his celebrated bestsellers Agent Zigzag and Operation Mincemeat, Ben Macintyre told the dazzling true stories of a remarkable WWII double agent and of how the Allies employed a corpse to fool the Nazis and assure a decisive victory. In Double Cross, Macintyre returns with the untold story of the grand final deception of the war and of the extraordinary spies who achieved it. On June 6, 1944, 150,000 Allied troops landed on the beaches of Normandy and suffered an astonishingly low rate of casualties. D-Day was a stunning military accomplishment, but it was also a masterpiece of trickery. Operation Fortitude, which protected and enabled the invasion, and the Double Cross system, which specialized in turning German spies into double agents, deceived the Nazis into believing that the Allies would attack at Calais and Norway rather than Normandy. It was the most sophisticated and successful deception operation ever carried out, ensuring that Hitler kept an entire army awaiting a fake invasion, saving thousands of lives, and securing an Allied victory at the most critical juncture in the war. The story of D-Day has been told from the point of view of the soldiers who fought in it, the tacticians who planned it, and the generals who led it. But this epic event in world history has never before been told from the perspectives of the key individuals in the Double Cross System. These include its director (a brilliant, urbane intelligence officer), a colorful assortment of MI5 handlers (as well as their counterparts in Nazi intelligence), and the five spies who formed Double Cross’s nucleus: a dashing Serbian playboy, a Polish fighter-pilot, a bisexual Peruvian party girl, a deeply eccentric Spaniard with a diploma in chicken farming and a volatile Frenchwoman, whose obsessive love for her pet dog very nearly wrecked the entire plan. The D-Day spies were, without question, one of the oddest military units ever assembled, and their success depended on the delicate, dubious relationship between spy and spymaster, both German and British. Their enterprise was saved from catastrophe by a shadowy sixth spy whose heroic sacrifice is revealed here for the first time. With the same depth of research, eye for the absurd and masterful storytelling that have made Ben Macintyre an international bestseller, Double Cross is a captivating narrative of the spies who wove a web so intricate it ensnared Hitler’s army and carried thousands of D-Day troops across the Channel in safety.

Tales From the Front Line: D – Day
This is the chronicle of the build-up and aftermath of the most decisive battle of World War II, told through the tales of the participants who recorded their experiences in letters or diaries, or recounted them after the event. Part of a new series featuring fascinating insights into the greatest conflicts in history. Jonathan Bastable has skillfully woven disparate tales from generals and frontline soldiers, statesmen and civilians, into a compelling narrative of one of the key events in the twentieth century.

Resources After Oklahoma Tornado Tragedy

Yesterday, the nation watched in horror as a 2-mile-wide tornado struck the city of Moore, a major metropolitan area just outside of Oklahoma City, Okla.

Various covers depict this morning's headlines related to the deadly twister that destroyed much of Moore, Okla.

Various covers depict this morning’s headlines related to the deadly twister that destroyed much of Moore, Okla.

The twister destroyed more than 28-square miles of Moore, and has been preliminarily classified as an EF4 with sustained winds of 200 mph. Judging by the photos and videos coming in, it looks like it will surpass the destruction caused by a May 3, 1999 tornado that hit the same area and is long-considered to be the worst in history. Astoundingly, this was the third-major tornado to hit the city of Moore in the past 15 years.

We dug through some documents, publications and resources within the Scribd library that may help put some of yesterday’s horrific news in perspective, along with some further resources about the nature and science of tornadoes and climate study. We also highly encourage you to follow the American Red Cross on Scribd, as they have a ton of fantastic resources about how we can all strive to be better prepared before, during and in the aftermath of a natural disaster.

Classifying Tornadoes
The storm that hit Moore, Okla. in 1999 was rated an F5 – the most powerful storm in a category that goes from F0 through F5. Initially developed by Tetsuya Fujita at the University of Chicago in 1971, this scale was the first true method to rate the speed and classify tornadoes. It was retroactively appended to all tornadoes going back to 1950, which leaves a relatively shallow history of tornadic rankings. One of the worst outside the May, 1999 storms, was a tornado that hit Flint on June 8, 1953, killing 116. Only recently was it surpassed by the Joplin, MO. tornado that killed 162 in 2011. Currently, the deadliest comes prior to the implementation and classification available in the Fujita Scale, which struck March 18, 1925, killed 695 people in Illinois, Missouri and Indiana. As a country, tornado awareness and preparedness has come very far, helping save thousands of lives.

In 2007, the Fujita Scale was updated to more accurately match wind speeds to the severity of damage caused by the tornado and also improve damage surveying in the wake of a twister. This document helps understand the major ways a tornado is classified in the new scale.

Scribd Publisher: National Press Foundation

Lightning Does Strikes Twice
The odds that two tornadoes would have struck Moore, Okla. in the past ten years are astronomic. The fact that two, incredibly powerful tornadoes would track roughly the same path are even higher. That is essentially what happened. All three of the tornadoes that hit Moore in the past 15 years were within the same vicinity. The two extremely powerful twisters — in 1999, and the one yesterday, both tracked eerily close together, destroying a majority of Moore in both instances. In 1999, 65 people were killed and 300 mph winds destroyed more than 8,000 structures. Until today, that twister was considered one of the deadliest and most costly, at $1 billion in damages.

The National Press Foundation published this study that looks at the May 3, 1999 tornado from a historical perspective and charts the number of deaths and analyzes what that means for preparedness and the type of facilities we have at our disposal to escape to in the time of a storm. For example, 11 of the deaths from the May 1999 tornado were in mobile homes. The study looks at the increasing trend of Americans living in mobile homes and the impact that could have on future tornadoes, especially in regions ill-equipped for basements, such as Oklahoma. There, homes are mostly built on slabs.

Scribd Publisher: National Press Foundation

Climate & Tornadoes
Read the first chapter from S.C. Pryor’s book Climate Change in the Midwest. The research presented in this volume focuses on identifying and quantifying the major vulnerabilities to climate change in the Midwestern United States and has implications on the strength and types of storms that impacted Okla.

Scribd Publisher: Indiana University Press

Upper Midwest Twisters
Sitting outside of ‘Tornado Alley,’ the Upper Midwest is also known for its share of violent storms and destructive tornadoes. The Wisconsin Tornado Atlas gives historical charts, maps and tables that document historical tornado occurrence in the state starting in 1950.

This research paper also helps understand a hazard model for predicting tornado frequency in the United States using the Monte Carlo Method.

Taste the Difference

What’s in the water? That is the question tackled by Chicago Public Radio’s ‘Curious City,’ a radio program that looks at city issues and relevant and current intriguing features about the Chicagoland region.

This week, their team came up with a water taste test. More an experiment designed to get at the heart of a subject many people may not have quite a handle on. Primarily, you have the entire methodology of which the water is filtered, treated and deliver to homes and business. Additionally, and further complicating the issues of water consumption are the layers of municipal governments which all receive water in different ways. One village may get their water from Lake Michigan, while others buy their water from the City of Chicago and still others tap their water reserves from local rivers.

Curious City published this document that shows how you can perform a taste test using various methods and samples.

Watch the Curious City team in action and see how the water taste tests unfold:

We often overlook the subject of water, it is freely available to most of our homes. Scribd has a variety of resources that address the issues of water availability or scarcity and environmental issues. United Nations has this article published about auditing water supplies for small towns. Small water utilities face unique challenges in delivering water and sanitation services to their customers. With a limited revenue base and few opportunities to benefit from economies of scale, they often suffer from severe skill shortages and a long legacy of underinvestment in infrastructure and capacity enhancement. To overcome these challenges, the small utilities need to maximize their operating efficiencies and ensure optimum utilization of their assets.

Exploring Chicago’s Coast

There are a tremendous amount of ways that our publishers and users utilize Scribd. Today, WBEZ Chicago featured a series of historic maps for an interactive story.

WBEZ’s Curious City sets out to answer questions raised by listeners about the Chicagoland region. This time around, Miriam Reuter wanted to find out how the coastline of Chicago had changed over the decades.

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After months of research and discovery of vintage, never-before-digitized maps were located at the Chicago Newberry Library, producer Robin Amer was able to tell a story that unfolded the fascinating tale of how Chicago’s coast has changed over the course of the past few hundred years, from Native Americans to the 1933 Century of Progress World’s Fair.

Turns out, the discovery of the beautiful maps at the Newberry presented a unique opportunity to showcase some of the most engaging, visually beautiful maps of the Chicago Coast that very few people had ever seen. Scribd seemed like a natural place to host these images as a complement to the story and can be currently seen on our homepage and in a WBEZ collection.

While many initially look at the sandy shores of Lake Michigan thinking that they were a harbinger to years of geologic evolution, it turns out that much of the landscape is far from natural.

Yes, the lakefront may look natural, but the truth is that it’s taken a lot of work to get this way. Here’s how Blair Kamin, the Chicago Tribune’s Pulitzer Prize-winning architecture critic, put it to me: “It’s disguised with trees and shrubs and grass and beaches to make it look like it’s been there from the beginning of time, but in fact, it’s very much a man-made creation.”

Many of the maps that are currently digitized on Scribd show the myriad ways which the coastline has been changed, developed, changed again, and how they are depicted in these beautiful and colorful vintage maps.

Here are a sampling of our favorite maps that were featured on WBEZ’s Scribd page and Curious City’s story today.

Bird’s Eye Chicago
This remarkably precise illustration of downtown Chicago created on behalf of the Illinois Central Railroad Company offers a host of familiar historical details: the elevated trains snaking their way around the Loop; the swing bridges opening to let ships pass in the Chicago River; and a number of buildings still recognizable today, including the Chicago Cultural Center between Randolph and Washington and the former Chicago Athletic Association at 12 S. Michigan Avenue. But for the purposes of considering changes made to the lakefront, perhaps the unfamiliar is most telling: Lake Michigan comes almost up to Michigan Avenue, which is bound only by the tracks of the Illinois Central Railroad and a thin strip of manicured green space then known as Lake Park.

A Century of Progress
This illustration commissioned by Rand McNally shows the stunning crop of buildings that sprang up in Burnham Park and on Northerly Island for the 1933 Century of Progress World’s Fair, including a “Hall of Science,” a Mayan temple, a Tunisian Village, Soldier Field and a landing strip for the Goodyear Blimp. Today most of the buildings are gone, but the park, island and harbors remain.

Chicago Harbor & Bar
This map, created by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, illustrates how the precise location of the young city’s coastline fluctuated wildly north of the mouth of the Chicago River between the years 1834 and 1858. Over time, silt deposits formed a sandbar that made that portion of the waterway difficult to navigate. The city countered with a set of piers meant to protect the harbor. Businesses — including a blacksmith and a “Store House” — took advantage of the new land and set up shop just north of the pier.

For The Creative ‘Common Good’

Starting last week, Creative Commons has been celebrating their tenth anniversary. The Creative Commons is an organization based in Mountain View, California. They have released several copyright licenses aimed at allowing readers to legally modify and share.

As they continue to honor their existence and success, they will spend the entire week featuring platforms that are exemplary of showcasing content under the breadth of their Creative Commons licenses. Last week Friday, Scribd was the featured platform. You can read the entire post here and read the interview along with some of our favorite examples of CC-licensed work below.

Creative Commons Interviews Scribd Community Manager Taylor Pipes

In celebration of Creative Commons’ tenth anniversary, we’re writing about various platforms that host CC-licensed content. Today, we’re featuring document-sharing site Scribd.

Most people reading this are probably quite familiar with Scribd. It’s an easy, reliable place to publish documents and presentations. A lot of professional publishers use it, including our friends at Pratham Books. One thing that’s neat about Scribd is its embed feature: you can insert documents into a website, just like YouTube videos or Flickr photos.

I asked Scribd content and community manager Taylor Pipes to recommend a few of his favorite CC-licensed works on Scribd, and I also asked him a few questions.

How much of the content on Scribd is CC-licensed? Has that number stayed constant or changed since you implemented CC licensing?

Most of the content published on Scribd is CC-licensed, as we encourage authors to use CC licenses when possible. We’ve seen the number of CC-licensed works on Scribd grow by over 100% year over year. While our library encompasses over 25 million documents, 20 million of them have been uploaded utilizing the Creative Commons license.

Have there been any unexpected results to CC licensing on Scribd? People reusing each other’s documents in surprising or unusual ways?

Probably the most powerful result of CC licensing has been the proliferation of embedded Scribd documents around the web. We have more than 10 million Scribd document embeds now, and many of those are from bloggers or other independent writers. Because of Creative Commons licenses, these bloggers are able to integrate the content of these works on Scribd into their own writing.

Since Scribd launched, have your community’s attitudes toward sharing changed?

We’ve definitely seen an increase in user understanding and awareness of the sharing now possible with social media. Authors have realized that allowing users to remix and re-publish their content is a great way to help their content go viral and get distribution around the web. We are in an entirely different place with publishing, which is truly astonishing. The amount of change and disruption that has occurred in the last few years is a testament to the radical innovation stemming from mobile. We feel quite strongly that our work, especially with CC-documents and publications, is helping to write a new chapter in publishing.

Here are two of our favorite CC-licensed works on Scribd:

The Journalist Field Guide to Mobile Reporting

Free Culture by Lawrence Lessig

Newfound Acceptance

F. Scott Fitzgerald originally submitted a short story to The New Yorker in 1936 that was eventually rejected. The editorial staff found the story to be “altogether out of the question,” adding, “It seems to us so curious and so unlike the kind of thing we associate with him.” The rejected story was filed away and long but forgotten.

Recently, Fitzgerald’s grandchildren discovered the story among his papers and after some encouragement from the Fitzgerald scholar, James West, the story was submitted once again.

Eighty years later The New Yorker accepted the story and published “Thank You For the Light” about a widow who enjoys smoking and travels around the Midwest selling corsets and girdles for a company in Chicago. It is a marked departure from his other classic works, and mirrors a style of his contemporary, Ernest Hemingway. Read and purchase this historical one-page shorty story now available as an eBook from Scribner Books below.

Giving Thanks

On behalf of the staff here at Scribd, we want to extend all of you warm wishes to a most wonderful Thanksgiving. It is for this special occasion that we’ve curated some of the best documents, publications and recipes about the annual holiday feast…


Thanksgiving is the favorite holiday of millions of Americans. And with so many diverse regions across the United States, it’s no surprise to find that the Thanksgiving menu changes significantly from New England to the Pacific Northwest. This is the quintessential cookbook for our national day of thanks, capturing this diversity with creative recipes for the perfect dinner and providing the key to a stress-free occasion with author Diane Morgan’s indispensable do-ahead tips. Including appetizers, soups, salads, main courses, stuffings, casseroles, biscuits, side dishes, desserts, and even leftovers, it contains everything the busy cook needs to celebrate this most festive and food-centered of holidays!


“Before I knew it, Thanksgiving had turned into a monster…Thanksgiving was supposed to be easy for Dad and Tyler and me—spending the day in our pajamas and eating pizza—but I wondered what it would be like to try something else this year. Maybe I’d fix Thanksgiving—and my messy family, too. I couldn’t help it. I started making lists…”


Straight from the Eisenhower Presidential Library, this deep dish apple pie recipe is a bite of history courtesy of the National Archives, perfect for Thanksgiving.


At the heart of This Organic Life is the premise that locally grown food eaten in season makes sense economically, ecologically, and gastronomically. Transporting produce to New York from California–not to mention Central and South America, Australia, or Europe–consumes more energy in transit than it yields in calories. (It costs 435 fossil fuel calories to fly a 5-calorie strawberry from California to New York.) Add in the deleterious effects of agribusiness, such as the endless cycle of pesticide, herbicide, and chemical fertilizers; the loss of topsoil from erosion of over-tilled croplands; depleted aquifers and soil salinization from over-irrigation; and the arguments in favor of “this organic life” become overwhelmingly convincing.


In Full Moon Feast, accomplished chef and passionate food activist Jessica Prentice champions locally grown, humanely raised, nutrient-rich foods and traditional cooking methods. The book follows the thirteen lunar cycles of an agrarian year, from the midwinter Hunger Moon and the springtime sweetness of the Sap Moon to the bounty of the Moon When Salmon Return to Earth in autumn. Each chapter includes recipes that display the richly satisfying flavors of foods tied to the ancient rhythm of the seasons.


For my second Thanksgiving in Minnesota, I volunteered at the Salvation Army in Minneapolis. I had been a social worker for about eight years, but I was still surprised at what I witnessed. I was so moved that I wrote down my experiences later that day. Now, all these years later, I am sharing them on What is my connection to these men? Where are the bridges? Where are the differences? What is the accident that caused me not to be here for a meal? I had a turkey in the oven at home and a family of four waiting for me. A lot of the men I saw are alcoholics.

The Allure Of Grain Trucks

The allure of grain trucks – A rural expatriate’s struggle to reconcile family, home, love, and faith with the silence of the prairie land and its people Melanie Hoffert longs for her North Dakota childhood home, with its grain trucks and empty main streets. Beacon Press published her novel, read the first chapter below.


North Dakota is a land where she imagines standing at the bottom of the ancient lake that preceded the prairie: crop rows become the patterned sand ripples of the lake floor; trees are the large alien plants reaching for the light; and the sky is the water’s vast surface, reflecting the sun. Like most rural kids, she followed the out-migration pattern to a better life. The prairie is a hard place to stay—particularly if you are gay, and your home state is the last to know. For Hoffert, returning home has not been easy. When the farmers ask if she’s found a “fella,” rather than explain that—actually—she dates women, she stops breathing and changes the subject. Meanwhile, as time passes, her hometown continues to lose more buildings to decay, growing to resemble the mouth of an old woman missing teeth. This loss prompts Hoffert to take a break from the city and spend a harvest season at her family’s farm. While home, working alongside her dad in the shop and listening to her mom warn, “Honey, you do not want to be a farmer,” Hoffert meets the people of the prairie. Her stories about returning home and exploring abandoned towns are woven into a coming-of-age tale about falling in love, making peace with faith, and belonging to a place where neighbors are as close as blood but are often unable to share their deepest truths. In this evocative memoir, Hoffert offers a deeply personal and poignant meditation on land and community, taking readers on a journey of self-acceptance and reconciliation.

Addressing Lincoln

No speech better sums up Abraham Lincoln than the Gettysburg Address, and no telling of his story can begin without recounting it. Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, delivered these words on November 19, 1863 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. A few months earlier, a bloody, pivotal battle of the Civil War had been fought there, and Lincoln was on hand to dedicate the land to the fallen soldiers.

Read the entire speech delivered by President Abraham Lincoln:


Abraham Lincoln was, in his time America’s most admired and reviled leader, and is still our nation’s most enigmatic and captivating hero. Timed to complement the new motion picture Lincoln directed by Steven Spielberg, “Lincoln: A President for the Ages” introduces a new Lincoln grappling with some of history’s greatest challenges.


It took only a few minutes to deliver, and it contained just 268 words. Compared with the time wasted and words carelessly bleated out by modern politicians and pundits, the Gettysburg Address is one heck of a bargain. No speech better sums up Abraham Lincoln than the Gettysburg Address, and no telling of his story can begin without recounting it. Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, delivered these words on November 19, 1863 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. A few months early, a bloody, pivotal battle of the Civil War had been fought there, and Lincoln was on hand to dedicate the land to the fallen soldiers.